Remembering our first Prime Minister Nehru
Abracadabra By K. B. Ganapathy, Columns

Remembering our first Prime Minister Nehru

February 16, 2022

These days we are observing Narendra Modi Government’s decisions to promote the legacies of leaders of freedom movement, who, it believes, have been ignored by the Congress regime over the last seven decades. The Modi Government apparently believes that this is a great historical wrong which must be corrected.

No civilised society should allow the good that men do to be interred with their bones. The fact about our freedom movement is that there were some more patriotic leaders who lived and died in the tides of times fighting for our freedom from the days of Alexander the Great about 300 BC. They too must be remembered. Modi Government, probably, thinks a beginning must be made to remember those who died fighting the invaders along with those who died fighting the British.

That could be the reason why Modi Government is instituting newer public holidays connected to India’s freedom struggle. So Subhas Chandra Bose’s birthday is Parakram Diwas. And August 14, a day before Independence Day? Hey Ram? It is Partition Horrors Remembrance Day. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s birth anniversary is celebrated as Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day). A tribal freedom fighter, whose name I had never heard, Birsa Munda, is celebrated as Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas. Lal Bahadur Shastri, who succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru, as the Prime Minister, was not much celebrated before, but now Modi Government is giving a real media and governmental push to Shastri.

Having said this, let me dwell on the role Nehru played in shaping the destiny of our country — for good or for worse. There is a feeling among a section of our politicians that the role of Nehru before and after independence was exaggerated. I grew up from my school days till my college days under the shadow of the huge banyan tree of a Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Foreign journalists and Indian political pundits often compared Nehru to a banyan tree and did not forget to remind the people that no other tree grew under the shadow of the banyan tree. The hidden suggestion was that as long as Nehru was there at the acme of politics, there would be no room for others to grow.

No wonder, the ubiquitous question raised was: After Nehru who? I had written about it in this column on 4th January 2022, under the headline “What it takes to be a leader?” I had given the example of Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Mughal Emperor Babur, Winston Churchill, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Jawaharlal Nehru and Narendra Modi. Let it be.

From the days of Adam, God has not created a perfect man nor an immortal one. Therefore, it would be naive to expect a perfect leader who would deliver all the wishes of his people. And Nehru was a man. Despite some human infirmities, he rose as a magnetic Prime Minister of India at a time the country was under the pangs of a holocaust following the sudden, ill-planned division of British India. He was a leader with concern, courage and confidence. Which is why he survived as Prime Minister without a break for 17 years; continuously without a challenger.

Those 17 years, of course, were turbulent years and when the ship is caught in a devastating storm in the high seas, the Captain is bound to flounder. And Nehru, naturally, faulted on a number of issues that confronted a new free India, primarily because of the irrational vivisection of the country on the basis of religion. Faith, religious faith, has always been of very serious concern of the believers from the beginning and even to this day. Therefore, Nehru’s role, during those early days of freedom and even later till his death, was of great importance in keeping the external enemies at bay and maintaining the internal order of such a huge country that is multi-religion, multi-linguistic with a pluralistic culture.

READ ALSO  Beyond the Lines into Eternity: A Tribute to Kuldip Nayar

Looking back in 2022, I am of the opinion Nehru did acquit himself creditably as the Prime Minister. He was no ordinary politician; in truth he was a Statesman who believed in an inclusive society, a secular society, an egalitarian society of the Fabian ideology that he was influenced while in England. During freedom movement, he was jailed for ten years but he used the incarceration to write his magnum opus of a book “The Discovery of India”, published in 1946. It is about Indian history, culture, religion and philosophy as perceived by him, said to be subjective. I heard it was Krishna Menon, a close confidante of Nehru, High Commissioner in London and later ‘failed’ Defence Minister  of India, who had edited it. May be apocryphal.

Nehru’s visage radiated a philosopher’s poignancy in photographs. I still remember a huge poster of only Nehru in black and white with a red background brought out for the first general election when I was in the primary school. Thereafter, I had seen Nehru twice in flesh and blood. Once when he came to Madikeri, Kodagu. It was here he made the often quoted speech about Kodagu (Coorg) — ‘a land known for its Army Generals, sweet oranges and beautiful women.’ And another time in Bangalore Central College Grounds when I was a Law student. He was physically agile and sprightly. I still remember him starting his speech somewhat like this — ‘…man is an animal. But a different kind of animal (a pause) man can smile. Animal cannot…’

Be that as it may, one might wonder what prompted me to write about Nehru again. A second look at the autobiography of K. Natwar Singh, Diplomat and Union Minister, where he writes about Nehru. According to him, modern India is Nehru’s creation. Nehru, he writes, conceded that the freedom movement had ended in ‘Partial failure.’ ‘The aim and destination of the movement was the achievement of an independent, undivided India.’ Well, if so why nobody could prevent the division? Singh writes, ‘Pandit Nehru conceded, partition was the lesser evil.’ Apparently, leaders who mattered accepted this lesser evil !

READ ALSO  Afghanistan: A country where anarchy is for ever !

A divided Congress Working Committee (CWC) passed a resolution accepting partition. Gandhiji’s reservations were  ignored, so also of Jayaprakash Narayan, Maulana Azad and Abdul Ghaffar Khan. The resolution of the CWC was sent to AICC. In the voting, the result was 157 for partition and twenty-nine against, twenty-three abstentions.

Many, in recent days, believe that Sardar Patel would have made a better Prime Minister. Probably yes, says Singh, adding ‘but he died three years after independence on 15th December 1950. Who would have succeeded him? Without doubt Nehru.’ In fact, those first three years were the most critical and cataclasmic years. Kashmir and Hyderabad. Nehru was ill-advised by his friend Lord Mountbatten on both issues. After the Lord exited India, Hyderabad was liberated, Modi partially solved Kashmir problem but PoK remains.

According to Natwar Singh, there were three cardinal errors in Nehru’s foreign policy. They are:

1. His disastrous handling of Kashmir issue.

2. Misplaced trust of leaders of China.

3. His turning down of the Soviet Russia’s proposal to give India a Permanent Seat in the United Nations Security Council.

In retrospect, one is inclined to agree with Natwar Singh. These are Nehru’s Himalayan blunders and the country is paying for it even now carrying the problems of Kashmir and China like an albatross around its neck and may be, have to pay in the future too.

However, his internal policy is what is keeping this country going as a Democracy. He laid the foundations of our Nation — its Democracy, Secularism, Pluralism, Public Sector Units to industrialise the country.

Nehru’s non-aligned foreign policy might have projected him as a leader among the comity of nations, but to remember that not one non-aligned nation supported India in the 1962 China-India War exposes the hollowness of that policy and Nehru’s inability to judge true friends from false.

However, in the final reckoning it was Nehru’s India till his death in 1964, aged 74 years.

There may be many makers of modern India, but Nehru, undoubtedly, is the first among them.

Jai Hind

e-mail: [email protected]

7 COMMENTS ON THIS POST To “Remembering our first Prime Minister Nehru”

  1. Gautam says:

    The usual regurgitation of history, by Mr Ganapathy.
    Drop these regurgitations, they are boring.

  2. Nikhil says:

    ಒಂದು ಕಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಬ್ಬ ರೈತನ ಹತ್ತಿರ ಎರಡು ಎತ್ತು ಹಾಗೂ ಒಂದು ನಾಯಿ ಇತ್ತು.
    ಒಂದು ಬಾರಿ ಆತ ಬೇರೆ ಊರಿಗೆ ಹೋಗಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು. ಆಗ ಆತ, ಎತ್ತು ಮತ್ತು ನಾಯಿಯನ್ನ ಕರೆದು, “ನೋಡಿ ನಾನು ಬೇರೆ ಊರಿಗೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ. ನಾನು ಬರುವಷ್ಟರಲ್ಲಿ, ನೀವು ಹೋಲಕ್ಕೆ ಹೋಗಿ ಎಲ್ಲ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡಿ ಮುಗಿಸಿ. ಯಾರು ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೀರೋ, ಅವರನ್ನ ನಾನು ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಇಟ್ಟುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ” ಅಂತ ಹೇಳಿ ಊರಿಗೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತಾನೆ
    ಎತ್ತುಗಳು ಹೋಲಕ್ಕೆ ಹೋಗಿ ಕಷ್ಟಪಟ್ಟು ದುಡಿಯಲಾರಂಬಿಸುತ್ತವೆ. ನಾಯಿ ಕೂಡಾ ಹೊಲಕ್ಕೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತದೆ, ಆದರೆ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡದೆ ಅಲ್ಲಿಯೆ ಇದ್ದ ಗಿಡದ ಕೆಳಗೆ ಮಲಗಿ ನಿದ್ರೆ ಮಾಡುತ್ತದೆ
    ಸಾಯಂಕಾಲ, ಎಲ್ಲ ಕೆಲಸ ಮುಗಿಸಿದ ಎತ್ತುಗಳು, ಯಜಮಾನನ ಮುಂದೆ ತಾನು ಮಾಡಿದ ಕೆಲಸದ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ವಿವರ ಕೊಡಲು ಮನೆಗೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತವೆ. ಆಗ ಮಲಗಿದ್ದ ನಾಯಿ ಎದ್ದು ಹೋಲದ ತುಂಬಾ ಹತ್ತು ಬಾರಿ ಒಡಾಡಿ, ಮನೆಗೆ ಬರುತ್ತದೆ
    ಎತ್ತು – ನಾಯಿ, ಇಬ್ಬರೂ ತಾವು ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡಿದ್ದೇವೆ ಅಂತ ಯಜಮಾನನಿಗೆ ಹೇಳುತ್ತವೆ.
    ಇದನ್ನ ಪರೀಕ್ಷಿಸಲು, ರೈತ ಹೊಲಕ್ಕೆ ಬರುತ್ತಾನೆ. ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಹೊಲದ ತುಂಬಾ ನಾಯಿಯ ಹೆಜ್ಜೆ ಗುರುತೆ ಜಾಸ್ತಿ ಇರುತ್ತದೆ. ಇದನ್ನ ನೋಡಿದ ರೈತ, ನಾಯಿಯೇ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡಿದೆ ಅಂತ ಅದನ್ನ ತನ್ನ ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಇಟ್ಟುಕೊಂಡು, ಎತ್ತಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಇಂದೂ ದುಡಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾನೆ
    ಇಂದು ನಾವು ಕಾಣುತ್ತಿರುವ ಗಾಂಧಿ ರೋಡ್, ನೆಹರು ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾಲಯ, ಇಂದಿರಾ ಏರಪೋರ್ಟ್, ರಾಜೀವ್ ಪ್ರಶಸ್ತಿ, ಅಕ್ಬರ್ ರೋಡ್, ಇವುಗಳೆಲ್ಲಾ ಒಂದು ರೀತಿ ‘ ನಾಯಿ ಹೆಜ್ಜೆ ‘ ಇದ್ದಂತೆ
    ಮಂಗಲ ಪಾಂಡೇ, ರಾಣಿ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮಿಬಾಯಿ, ಕಿತ್ತೂರ ರಾಣಿ ಚೆನ್ನಮ್ಮಾ, ಸಂಗೊಳ್ಳಿ ರಾಯಣ್ಣ, ತಾಂತ್ಯಾ ಟೋಪಿ, ಬಿರ್ಸಾ ಮುಂಡಾ, ಬಾಬು ಕುಂವರ್ ಸಿಂಗ್, ಮದನ ಲಾಲ ದಿಂಗ್ರಾ, ಬಾಲಗಂಗಾದರ ತಿಲಕ, ಲಾಲಾ ಲಜಪತ ರಾಯ್, ಬಿಪಿನ್ ಚಂದ್ರಪಾಲ,
    ವೀರ ಸಾವರಕರ್, ಸಚಿಂದ್ರನಾಥ ಸನ್ಯಾಲ, ಬಾಗಾ ಜತೀನ್, ರಾಮ್ ಪ್ರಸಾದ್ ಬಿಸ್ಮಿಲ್ಲಾ, ಖುದಿರಾಮ್ ಬೋಸ್, ಉದಮ್ ಸಿಂಗ್, ಭಗತ್ ಸಿಂಗ್, ಚಂದ್ರಶೇಖರ್ ಆಜಾದ್, ರಾಜಗುರೂ, ಸುಖದೇವ್, ಸುಭಾಷಚಂದ್ರ ಬೋಸ್ ಮತ್ತು ಅವರ ಆಜಾದ್ ಹಿಂದ್ ಫೌಜನ 25,000 ಸೈನಿಕರ ಬಲಿದಾನವನ್ನ ಎತ್ತುಗಳ ಕೆಲಸದಂತೆ ನಾವು ಮರೆತೆ ಹೋಗಿದ್ದೇವೆ.
    ಅವರನ್ನ ನಾವು ಗುರುತಿಸಲೆ ಇಲ್ಲ
    ಗಾಂಧೀಜಿ ತಮ್ಮ ಕುರಿಯನ್ನ ಕಟ್ಟುತ್ತಿದ್ದ ಹಗ್ಗ ಈಗಲೂ ಇದೆ ಆದರೇ, ಭಗತಸಿಂಗ್ ನಗುತ್ತಾ ಏರಿದ ಆ ನೇಣಿನ ಹಗ್ಗ ಎಲ್ಲಿಯೋ ಕಳೆದುಕೊಂಡೆವು?
    ಸಾಯುವಾಗ ಗಾಂಧೀ ‘ಹೇ ರಾಮ’ ಅಂದಿದ್ದು ಎಲ್ಲಿಯೊ ಇದ್ದ ನೆಹರೂಗೆ ಕೇಳಿಸಿತಂತೆ. (ಇದು ಅವರೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಹೇಗೆ ಕೇಳಿಸಿತು? 🤔😛)
    ಆದರೇ….., ನೇಣಿಗೆ ಏರುವಾಗ, ಬ್ರಿಟೀಷರ ಚಡೀ ಏಟು ಬೀಳುವಾಗ, ಅಂಡಮಾನ್ ಮತ್ತು ಇತರೆ ಜೈಲುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾತನೆ/ಹಿಂಸೆ ಅನುಭವಿಸುವಾಗ, ಬ್ರಿಟಿಷರ ಗುಂಡಿನ ಏಟು ತಿಂದು ಸಾಯುವಾಗ ದೇಶ ಭಕ್ತರು ಕೂಗಿದ ‘ ವಂದೇ ಮಾತರಂ ‘ & ‘ ಭಾರತ ಮಾತಾ ಕೀ ಜೈ ‘ ಇಂದು ಕೋಮುವಾದಿ ಪದಗಳಾಗಿವೆ.
    ದೇಶದ ಹಳೆಯ ಮತ್ತು ದೊಡ್ಡ ಪಕ್ಷವೊಂದು ‘ಭಾರತ ಮಾತಾ ಕೀ ಜೈ’ ಮತ್ತು ‘ವಂದೇ ಮಾತರಂ’ ಹೇಳೋದೇ ಇಲ್ಲ. ಹೇಳುವವರನ್ನ ಹತ್ತಿರ ಸೇರಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳೋದು ಬಿಡಿ, ಹಾಗೆ ಹೇಳೋರನ್ನ “ಕೋಮುವಾದಿಗಳು” ಅಂತಾನೂ ಅವರಿಗೆ ಹಣೆಪಟ್ಟಿ ಕಟ್ಟುತ್ತೆ.
    ನಮ್ಮ ದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ನಾವು ಬಹುಸಂಖ್ಯಾತರಾಗಿದ್ದರೂ, ಎರಡನೆ ದರ್ಜೆಯ ನಾಗರೀಕರಂತೆ ಬದುಕುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇವೆ,
    ನಮ್ಮ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಳು ಸರಕಾರದ ಆದೀನದಲ್ಲಿವೇ,
    ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನಕ್ಕೆ ನಾವು ಕೊಡುವ ಹಣ, ಮಸೀದಿ/ಚರ್ಚುಗಳ ಜೀರ್ಣೊದ್ದಾರಕ್ಕೂ ಹೋಗುತ್ತದೆ ಆದರೇ ಆ ಮಸೀದಿ/ಚರ್ಚುಗಳನ್ನ ಸರಕಾರ ಮುಟ್ಟುವಂತಿಲ್ಲ.
    ಈ ದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಇಸ್ಲಾಂ/ಕ್ರಿಶ್ಚಿಯನ್ ಧರ್ಮ ಬೋದಿಸಬಹುದು ಆದರೇ ಸನಾತನ ಹಿಂದೂ ಧರ್ಮವನ್ನ ಭೋದಿಸುವಂತಿಲ್ಲ.
    ನಮ್ಮ ಹಬ್ಬಗಳಂದು ದೇವರ ಮೂರ್ತಿಯ ಸೈಜ್ ಎಷ್ಟಿರಬೇಕು, ಅಭಿಷೇಕಕ್ಕೆ ಎಷ್ಟು ಹಾಲು ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸಬೇಕು, ಪಟಾಕಿ/ದೀಪ ಹಚ್ಚ ಬೇಕೆ ಬೇಡವೇ ಅಂತ ಸರಕಾರ/ಕೋರ್ಟಗಳು ಹೇಳುತ್ತವೆ. ಅದೇ ಸರಕಾರ/ಕೋರ್ಟಗಳು, ಬಕ್ರೀದಂದು ಬಲಿ ಕೊಡುವ ಲಕ್ಷಾಂತರ ಪ್ರಾಣಿಗಳ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಚಕಾರವೆತ್ತುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
    ‘ಅಲ್ಲಾನೆ ದೇವರು ಅವನನ್ನ ಬಿಟ್ಟು ಯಾರೂ ಇಲ್ಲ’ ಅಂತ ಮುಸ್ಲೀಂರು ದಿನಕ್ಕೆ ಐದು ಬಾರಿ ಅದೂ ಲೌಡ್ ಸ್ಪೀಕರಲ್ಲಿ ನಮ್ಮನ್ನ ಅಣಕಿಸಬಹುದು ಆದರೇ ನಾವು ಜೈ ಶ್ರೀ ರಾಮ ಅಂದರೇ ಕೋಮುವಾದವಾಗಿಬಿಡುತ್ತದೆ.
    ನಾವಿನ್ನೂ ನಿಜವಾಗಿ (ಸಾಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಕವಾಗಿ, ಧಾರ್ಮಿಕವಾಗಿ) ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ ಪಡದೆ ಇಲ್ಲ.
    ಕಾರಣ ,
    ನಾವು ಇನ್ನೂ ‘ನಾಯಿ ಹೆಜ್ಜೆ’ ನಂಬಿದ್ದೇವೆ

  3. boregowda says:

    Nehru was a hypocrite with different yard sticks for religion. While he imposed government control over Hindu temples, he gave more money and freedom to others.

  4. Jalandhara says:

    Mr Ganapathy[s yearly quota of Nehru bashing. I had the privilege of meeting him as a student in the final engineering degree. I can say, he was a better man than any one at that time, this time too including Narendra and Modi and You.
    Mistakes were made by him-all leaders make them including Churchill and Kennedy. He was highly respected internationally, including his arch adversary Churchill.
    Narendra Modi’s mistakes are far more formidable. Despite his 20 visits to Xi Jinping, inclding meeting him in a Madrasi attire at Mahabalipuram, Xi Jinping took more territory from India in the incursion a couple of years ago, which he hoid from Indian people, but were revealed in the Western media. Modi was hidden in a cave during the 2 years of Covid pandemic growing a long beard and did not ensure enough ventilators and more importantly oxygen supplies to patients, many of who perished-estimated to be tens of thousands for lack of oxygen.
    While not a Congress sympathiser, have known the RSS the embryo of BJP, as stick wielding thugs.
    Modi’s article 379abolishment has drawn stinging criticism from Kamala Harris, the US VP. It does not solve J and K issues, just a cosmetic execise.
    @Boregowda. Modi has not abolished the personal laws of Muslims.
    @Borgowda.

  5. Jalandhara says:

    Mr Ganapathy[s yearly quota of Nehru bashing. I had the privilege of meeting him as a student in the final engineering degree. I can say, he was a better man than any one at that time, this time too including Narendra and Modi and You.
    Mistakes were made by him-all leaders make them including Churchill and Kennedy. He was highly respected internationally, including his arch adversary Churchill.
    Narendra Modi’s mistakes are far more formidable. Despite his 20 visits to Xi Jinping, inclding meeting him in a Madrasi attire at Mahabalipuram, Xi Jinping took more territory from India in the incursion a couple of years ago, which he hoid from Indian people, but were revealed in the Western media. Modi was hidden in a cave during the 2 years of Covid pandemic growing a long beard and did not ensure enough ventilators and more importantly oxygen supplies to patients, many of who perished-estimated to be tens of thousands for lack of oxygen.
    While not a Congress sympathiser, have known the RSS the embryo of BJP, as stick wielding thugs.
    Modi’s article 379abolishment has drawn stinging criticism from Kamala Harris, the US VP. It does not solve J and K issues, just a cosmetic execise.
    @Boregowda. Modi has not abolished the personal laws of Muslims.
    @Borgowda.

  6. Boregowda says:

    @Jalandhara – You forgot to mention the fact that Modi personally promised you 15 lakhs, Killed Gouri Lankesh, before hoarding all the oxygen cylinders and killing the Muslims and making all the changes to make Adani and Ambani rich!! It shows that you are so honest unbiased citizen and not a Congress sympathizer just like Sunny Leone is a virgin!,
    I think we need a sense of humor!!!LOL

  7. Raghu says:

    Ganapathy Sir,
    Here is my view on your article sir …. The “few” mistakes of Pandit Nehru are what have grown as our nation’s biggest problems today. India was under the rule of the Monarchy of England and after that we got the “independence” to become a democratic republic. Did it become a true democracy ? Another monarchy started which went on for 60+ years being ruled by “one family”. Isn’t the mark of a true leader is honing their second line of leadership ? Did Panditji do it ? Why was only someone within his family was always chosen to succeed him and then his daughter Smt. Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi ? Did the country lack political leaders OR was it that our elected representatives of that era were so used to dynastic anarchy that they walked back into it “unknowingly” ? We have forgotten one more leader along with the Iron Man who was sidelined…. Rajaji – Chakravarthy Rajagopalachari. You mentioned Sardar patel lived only 3 years post independence; but that was good long time to “strike while the iron was hot” and change the direction of this country. In my view, Panditji enjoyed some soft corner from Mahatma Gandhi, which other leaders did not. Never-the-less the nation has moved on, some mistakes have remained as blunders of the past. Not sure how long this country has to live with these scars of the past. I hope the leadership vacuum that happened in the past should not hopefully repeat in the future and “younger ” leaders should come forward and create the second line of leadership to ensure that at least in this front history should NOT repeat.

ABOUT

Mysuru’s favorite and largest circulated English evening daily has kept the citizens of Mysuru informed and entertained since 1978. Over the past 41 years, Star of Mysore has been the newspaper that Mysureans reach for every evening to know about the happenings in Mysuru city. The newspaper has feature rich articles and dedicated pages targeted at readers across the demographic spectrum of Mysuru city. With a readership of over 2,50,000 Star of Mysore has been the best connection between it’s readers and their leaders; between advertisers and customers; between Mysuru and Mysureans.

CONTACT

Academy News Papers Private Limited, Publishers, Star of Mysore & Mysuru Mithra, 15-C, Industrial ‘A’ Layout, Bannimantap, Mysuru-570015. Phone no. – 0821 249 6520

To advertise on Star of Mysore, email us at

Online Edition: [email protected]
Print Editon: [email protected]
For News/Press Release: [email protected]